Knowing how to observe visual development in all ages helps you meet visual needs improving emotional health. Have you ever thought about the uniqueness of each person’s visual processing development, what the brain does with what was seen? Visual acuity, 20/20 vision does not make you an artist. The brain’s ability to move both eyes together for visual perception, see details, judge colors, and instinctively coordinate fine motor skills creates an artist. 

Coming soon is Holistic Auditory Visual Integrative Training courses providing videos showing you how to observe and what to observe using activities within the Moore Auditory Visual Observation Activity Booklet. Additional activities not in the booklet motivate clients and parents to act. Activities within the booklet help you develop strong therapeutic relationships.

When my daughters were young, they each showed an innate gift. I remember watching in amazement as my barely two-year-old daughter drew straight lines and cut on a line with scissors. Classical music calmed my other daughter as a baby who moved in tempo to the music in my belly and later in her jumper. I encourage both of their innate talents. As you work through HAVIT courses, I will share how my journey helping others led to the development of HAVIT.

Who is at risk for visual processing difficulties? Surprisingly, all ages. Infants who miss a critical stage of visual processing development. All ages with a diagnosis of amblyopia, an eye turn; an injury to the eye, including cataracts; genetic conditions like Ehlers Danlos or a neurodevelopment diagnosis.

Visual Acuity Development

Twenty-twenty visual acuity is how well you see at near and far. However, the brain must interpret what was seen for instinctive movement, motor planning, speech, listening, and remembering. Are both of your clients eye in alignment and moving together. In the Visual Observation Activity section of the module, you use fun activities with your client for the purpose of observing eye alignment and movement. Videos teach you ‘How to Observe’ and What to Observe.’ Why? Because the person is unaware. Behaviors develop helping you keep your vision single and clear or you simply avoid looking.

To remember where you put the keys, you must look as you put the keys down.


When it is too much work to look, you put things down without taking a visual snapshot with your brain. You are subconsciously avoiding the visual fatigue by feeling versus looking.

Interestingly, infants through the preschool years gradually gain the ability to clearly see at all distances. At birth, an infant sees face, lip, and mouth movements most clearly while being held. Being held is key for speech development. Cool! To this day speech therapist have children watch mouth, lip, and check movement while teaching a sound.

Red headed preschool boy looking in the mirror with his mouth and eyes wide open.

Visual Processing Development

Visual processing skills result in instinctive movement, emotional regulation, and language development. Even if there is only one area of visual processing difficulty, people of all ages must work harder to learn, move, and experience emotional health. 

Did you know that your brain tells your eye muscles to turn both pupils inward together to keep vision clear and single? This is called binocular fusion, convergence. This type of visual processing skills, convergence, keeps print clear and single and on the page. When convergence skills are weak, the reader skips or misreads words and struggles to keep their place. 

Because the brain is distracted trying to keep vision clear, individuals of all ages struggle with reading comprehension. 

According to National Institute for Health, the ability for eyes in infants to turn inward and outward together, binocular fusion, must develop because this is the foundation of developing the following visual processing milestones.

Binocular fusion, the ability to move eyes inward and outward together, develops at three months of age. The brain is developing and the eye muscles must practice to get stronger.

A single clear picture of a black cow eating grass with two eyes at the bottom of picture. Both pupils are turned in together in alignment. A second picture of a cow that looks blurry, double. The two pupils in the eyes at the bottom of that picture are not in alignment. One pupil is looking ahead while the other pupil is turned inward.

3-D steropisis, the ability to see fixed depth perception (distance from eyes to hand, eyes to ground, and space between objects) develops at three months of age. The baby touches the end of your nose knowing it sticks out from your face.

Toddler looking and touching a lady's nose. The lady is touching the toddler's nose and holding a pumpkin. The girl toddler is sitting in a blue chair the perfect height for a toddler.

Spatial acuity, ability to distinguish a shape and size, develops from birth through age five. When you know where your body is in space, you understand the space around you. Thus, the baby crawls around a chair and avoids crawling into the wall. They learn to hit that hanging toy, grab.

Contrast sensitivity, distinguishing the outline of one object from another, develops from birth through age five.

Orientation, knowing top from bottom and right from left, develops from birth through age five.

Motion, knowing you are moving versus the object is moving, develops from birth through age eleven. Development occurs one step at a time. Remember this when pushing a child to perfect a skill like riding a bike while navigating around objects and turning. Their eyes must keep up with their movement. Or, catching a ball while being still is a different visual task than catching a ball while moving.

Color Perception develops from birth through age 12. Wow! Infants only see black and white for the first few months of their life.

Contour Integration, possible paths from one object to another, develops from birth through age 12.

Face Perception develops from birth through age 20. Amazing!

Our visual processing skill develop occurs through movement and experiences influenced by how well your eyes move together in alignment.

Moore Auditory Visual Observation Booklet

Why is observing eye movement and posture important during play, conversations, and learning activities? Because the brain instinctively tells the body how to move the head and shoulders to keep vision clear and single. Thus, if you only observe eye movements, you can miss recognizing visual processing difficulties. 

Also, when the body feels unsafe moving the eyes together, the person develops instinctive behaviors to feel safe on the inside. They will get the task done, but may feel awful on the inside affecting them emotionally. And, physically tired causing them to avoid moving.

Sign up now to complete Holist Auditory Visual Integrative Training